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Beginning in the 17th century, there were several cessions of territory to Sweden.In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, which were defeated in the 1864 Second Schleswig War. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945.More Anglo-Saxon pence of this period have been found in Denmark than in England.Denmark was largely consolidated by the late 8th century and its rulers are consistently referred to in Frankish sources as kings (reges).The tribal Danes came from the east Danish islands (Zealand) and Scania and spoke an early form of North Germanic.
Danes enjoy a high standard of living and the country ranks highly in some metrics of national performance, including education, health care, protection of civil liberties, democratic governance, prosperity and human development.
Under the reign of Gudfred in 804 the Danish kingdom may have included all the lands of Jutland, Scania and the Danish islands, excluding Bornholm.
As attested by the Jelling stones, the Danes were Christianised around 965 by Harald Bluetooth, the son of Gorm.
It is believed that Denmark became Christian for political reasons so as not to get invaded by the rising Christian power in Europe, the Holy Roman Empire, which was an important trading area for the Danes.
In that case, Harald built six fortresses around Denmark called Trelleborg and built a further Danevirke.
From the 8th to the 10th century the wider Scandinavian region was the source of Vikings.